On November 28, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) held presidential and parliamentary elections for the second time in the country's history. The incumbent, Joseph Kabila, who has been in power since 2001 and won the previous election in 2006, is seeking re-election. The lead-up to the second round of the 2006 vote saw rivalling camps face off in deadly gun battles. The presidential poll will take place in a single round this time and tensions are running high. The United Nations has denounced pre-election violence that has been targeting mainly opposition supporters, and observers continue to express concern over an increasingly volatile situation.